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Tutoring Sessions, Primary Planet, Phonics & Reading

Phonics and Reading

Early phonics and reading are the most crucial parts of the curriculum during your child’s primary education.

There are 44 phonemes that are represented by the 26 letters of the alphabet individually or in combinations. Phonics instruction involves the relationship between sounds and the letters used to represent them. There are hundreds of spelling alternatives that can be used to represent the 44 phonemes in English.

There are several phases that children need to be successful at and master before they can move on to the next stage.

At Primary Planet Tutoring we are here to ensure children have mastered each stage before moving on too soon and struggling with gaps in their knowledge. The Phonics Screening Check, administered at the end of Y1, assesses the children’s phonic decoding skills.

Tutoring Sessions, Primary Planet, Phonics & Reading
Tutoring Sessions, Primary Planet, Phonics & Reading

Key things they will learn including...

Learning the relationship between sounds (phonemes) and the letters that represent them (graphemes) is essential for developing basic reading skills. This systematic approach helps children decode words and develop a strong foundation in basic reading skills.

Alongside the learning of phonics to segment and blend sounds, the sight recognition of key words is taught for those words that cannot be phonetically ‘sounded out’. These words simply need to be learned and regular practice of these words through repetition, fun activities and games is crucial to develop fluency in reading.

Phonics teaching is organised into different phases. Children progress through these phases as they become more adept at decoding words. Children will learn a range of letter-sound relationships, common spelling patterns and expand onto more complex alternative phonetic representations.

Children learn basic reading strategies, such as blending (combining sounds to read words), segmenting (breaking words into individual sounds), and sight word recognition (recognising frequently used words by sight). 

Regular reading is essential to develop fluency and confidence.

Beyond decoding words, children start to focus more on comprehension skills (understanding what they have read). They begin to talk about the story, characters and plot. They learn to understand the meaning of the text, infer information, make predictions and draw conclusions.

Children will be introduced to a wider range of texts including fiction, non-fiction, poetry and plays. This helps to broaden their vocabulary, understand different text types and genres, and discuss their preferences and opinions. They will be encouraged to choose books that they enjoy and interest them, fostering a love of reading.

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